Psalm 100 by a 4th grader

Girl writing graphic found via Google

My daughter’s 4th grade class at Rock Valley Christian School recently worked at expressing the messages in various psalms using their own words. Here is how my daughter interprets Psalm 100

Sing with joy to the Lord, all of His world.
Praise Him with happiness,
come in front of Him with happy songs.
Know that my Lord is my God and He made me.
I’m His.
I’m one of the rubber bands
in the bracelet of His children.
Come through the church doors
with a thankful smile on your face
and a tune of praise in your heart.
Thank Him with a song of praise.
My God is good,
He will love me forever.
He has been faithful to my family.

Religion in the workplace

CBC featured a news story yesterday about a Trinity Western University (TWU) graduate who alleges she was discriminated against by a wilderness tourism company because of her religion. After applying for a position with Amaruk Wilderness Corporation, Bethany Paquette received a rejection email from the company’s hiring manager who described TWU’s community standards that prohibit “sexual intimacy [outside] the sacredness of marriage between a man and a woman” as discriminatory. The rejection email included the explanation that “unlike Trinity Western University, we embrace diversity and the right of people to sleep with or marry whoever they want.” Lawyer Geoffrey Trotter reviews Bethany Paquette's human rights complaint with her. (Photo from CBC)Further email correspondence ensued in which it became increasingly clear that Ms. Paquette’s Christianity is incompatible with Amaruk’s business values. Ms. Paquette is now in the process of making a case against Amaruk with the BC Human Rights Tribunal.

While I find it troubling that someone was rejected for a job on the basis of her Christian faith, I’m almost more troubled by a quote from Ms. Paquette herself in which she claims, “My beliefs have developed who I am as an individual, but they don’t come into play when I am doing my job.”


I would hope the opposite is true – that one’s beliefs have a profound impact on one’s work.

I would hope that my faith helps me see work in general as rooted in God’s original intent for creation: “The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it.” Work is not a result of the fall into sin; humans are called to meaningful work already in Paradise.

I would hope that my faith informs me of where the skills with which I work come from. Whether it is serving, teaching, or leading, showing up daily at a farm, a factory, or an office, the talents I have are gifts from God Himself, given for the common good of those around me.

I would hope that my faith equips me to work honestly and with integrity while building community among those with whom and for whom I work. After all, I want to be like Jesus who perfectly models “speaking the truth in love,” balancing honesty with grace in every relationship.

I would hope that my faith inspires me to work hard, obeying the apostle Paul’s command: “Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart, as working for the Lord, not for human masters… It is the Lord Christ you are serving.” Ultimately, my work is in service to God who calls me to glorify Him not only on Sundays, but all week long.

In summary, I’d encourage Ms. Paquette to proudly assert how her faith comes into play on the job. It’s quite possible that discriminating against that faith actually cost Amaruk one of the best employees it could have ever hired.

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Trinity Western University logoAn aside: TWU is the same university that has come under scrutiny by various Canadian law societies in recent months because of its community standards. Advocates within the LGBT community voice concerns that the university’s stance against homosexuality will create biased lawyers in its new law program. In the early 2000s when TWU was seeking to accredit its teacher training program, the BC College of Teachers took TWU to court over similar concerns that TWU would produce teachers who would discriminate against students based on sexual orientation.

Now we seem to have a Christian pushing back, claiming that she is the one being discriminated against because of her religious beliefs. It will be interesting to see where this goes.

When a giant is not such a giant

In stark contrast to King Saul, David has a God-shaped imagination. When the Philistines and their champion Goliath threaten the Israelites, Saul and his army are crippled by visions of defeat. David, however, is confident in God’s faithfulness and in God’s ability to do great things through faithful people. I love how Mark Buchanan put it in the class he taught at Regent College this past summer: Saul looks at Goliath and says he’s way too big to conquer; David looks at Goliath and says he’s way too big to miss!

David vs. Goliath by Szemin Tham, found at

Granted, Goliath’s strength appears unmatched at first glance. Anyone with eyes can see he’ll handily defeat the Israelites without even breaking a sweat and still be home in plenty of time for lunch, right?

In his book David and Goliath: Underdogs, Misfits, and the Art of David and Goliath by Malcolm GladwellBattling Giants, Malcolm Gladwell explores a different perspective and proposes that Goliath is not the mighty warrior everyone thinks he is. Yes, his size is intimidating, but there are some puzzling things about Goliath that suggest he’s not the invincible threat Saul and his army take him to be.

For example, why does Goliath need a shield bearer? In ancient times, archers needed attendants to carry their shields as they needed both hands to use their bow and arrow. Goliath, however, does not have a bow and arrow in his arsenal. He proposes that the Israelite-Philistine conflict be settled by a duel between one man from both sides in which he plans to use his huge spear. So why does he need a shield bearer?

What’s more, why does Goliath tell David to “come here?” Instead of wanting the upper hand and taking the offensive, he waits for his enemy to approach him. What’s more, the Bible describes David running quickly toward the battle line; Goliath seems to move slower. If he is such a mighty warrior, why isn’t he also running quickly into battle, taking charge?

Finally, why does Goliath make the strange comment about David coming at him with sticks? The Bible says that David takes into battle his shepherd staff, pouch and sling. David is only holding onto one staff, but Goliath speaks of multiple sticks. Why doesn’t he describe more accurately the scene unfolding right in front of him?

Dr. Gladwell offers this theory:

What many medical experts now believe … is that Goliath had a serious medical condition. He looks and sounds like someone suffering from what is called acromegaly – a disease caused by a benign tumor of the pituitary gland. The tumor causes an overproduction of human growth hormone… And furthermore, one of the common side effects of acromegaly is vision problems. Pituitary tumors can grow to the point where they compress the nerves leading to the eyes, with the result that people with acromegaly often suffer from severely restricted sight and diplopia, or double vision. (p. 14)

So Goliath’s “shield bearer” may actually be his visual guide. If he moves slowly, it’s because he sees everything blurry. His double vision makes it appear David is carrying two sticks instead of a single staff. And he has to tell David to “come here” because his vision is too poor to otherwise locate him!

The Israelites only see an intimidating giant. With eyes of faith, David sees a bigger picture. Perhaps he perceives how Goliath’s size is also the source of his greatest weakness and takes advantage of that. Combine that with his trust in the God who has prepared him for this encounter, and David’s odds of winning this battle are suddenly infinitely greater than Goliath’s.

I suspect a lot of the “giants” that intimidate me are not entirely what they appear to be. God invites me to trust Him in life’s challenges and develop a God-shaped imagination. He fills me with courage that helps me see how the biggest problems are, in reality, miniscule compared to His might in which He welcomes me to also find strength.

God’s expert slinger

The story of David fighting and defeating Goliath is probably the most well-known of all the stories about David. It is an important reminder Sling and stone graphic found via Googlethat God is in the giant-defeating business when those giants stand opposed to His plans. And it has inspired many underdogs to press on against a stronger foe.

But skeptics have asked: “Could a boy really have killed a mighty warrior with just a sling and stone? Does the author of 1 Samuel exaggerate what happened that day?”

David and Goliath by Malcolm GladwellIn his book David and Goliath: Underdogs, Misfits, and the Art of Battling Giants, Malcolm Gladwell provides this research:

Eitan Hirsch, a ballistics expert with the Israeli Defense Forces, recently did a series of calculations showing that a typical-size stone hurled by an expert slinger at a distance of 35 meters would have hit Goliath’s head with a velocity of 34 meters per second [~75 mph or ~120 km/h] – more than enough to penetrate his skull and render him unconscious or dead. In terms of stopping power, that is equivalent to a fair-size modern handgun. (p. 11)

In layperson’s terms, David’s stone has some serious speed behind it!

While Gladwell examines the velocity of a rock being propelled by a sling, an episode of Ancient Discoveries on the History Channel examines the force of that rock. An expert suggests that an impact of a stone to one’s head at 3,000 newtons would be enough to kill a human being: A shockwave would go through the brain, damaging the brain tissue and causing death. A slinger then comes on the show and, using a sling and stone just like David’s, hits a target with a sensor that records the force of impact being at 3,600 newtons – deadly!

   …For the part about David’s sling and stone, begin at 10:58…

God has given David talent with a sling and stone. With it, he has defended his sheep from bears and lions wanting to devour them. God has prepared David in advance to now use his talent against an enemy that seeks to devour God’s people.

King Saul cannot perceive strength within David so he tries to fit David with his armor. But it is too big and cumbersome for David. Saul figures David needs greater size and weight to be successful against the fearsome giant. But David already has a secret weapon – his sling, yes, but even more critically, God Himself: “You come against me with sword and spear and javelin,” announces David to Goliath, “but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty.”

This is the God who has been preparing David for this moment and in whom victory is assured against God-defying giants to this day. As William C. De Vries writes in his Bible study guide on David,

God will use His people with both their weaknesses and their skills [with a sling or a hammer, a football or a computer] to declare His glory and to work out His purpose in this world. (p. 23)

After God’s own heart

David of the Hebrew Scriptures is famously known as “a man after God’s own heart.” A great example of David living up to this description is when he oversees welcoming the ark of God to his capital city, Jerusalem.

That David is a man after God’s own heart is obvious in his excitement over bringing the ark of God to his home. For the Hebrew people of David’s day, the ark represents the character and very presence of God Himself. That it is coming to Jerusalem has David and all of Israel “celebrating with all their might before the Lord” (2Sam 6:5). Further, we see David “dancing” (6:14 & 16), “shout[ing]” (6:15), and “leaping” (6:16). David loves to worship in God’s presence; David loves God’s presence; David loves God. No wonder he’s called a man after God’s own heart.

Artwork of David dancing by Michael Yosef Robinson –

However, it takes David two shots to get the job done: The first attempt to bring the ark to Jerusalem was tragically interrupted when Uzzah “put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it. And the anger of the Lord was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God” (6:6-7, KJV). It sounds to us like such a harsh punishment for someone who was just trying to help. David, it seems, feels the same way: He becomes “angry because the Lord’s wrath had broken out against Uzzah” and he is “afraid of the Lord that day” (6:8-9).

Reading about David’s anger and fear also reveals how he is a man after God’s own heart: David is real with God – both in celebration and in lament. I learned from Mark Buchanan earlier this summer in a course on David he taught at Regent College how this was unheard of in the pagan religions of his day where people brought only their “best self” into the presence of their fickle gods lest they not get what they ask for. David, in contrast, brings his true self. And our gracious God welcomes David into His presence, even when David is angry and afraid.

God does not want us to think we have to edit ourselves or our emotions before we are welcomed into His presence. On the contrary, God invites us to bring all our messiness (to use Michael Yaconelli’s wording) into His presence rather than leaving it at the door, pretending it doesn’t exist or interest Him. Jesus confirms this truth in His conversation with the woman at the well where He refers to how “true worshipers will worship the Father in the Spirit and in truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks.” The truth to which Jesus refers involves facts – things that are objectively verifiable; but it also involves honesty, including honesty about oneself and one’s circumstances and emotions. David brings it all into God’s presence, presents it all in his sacrifice of worship. This kind of real worship of and love for God is what also makes us men and women and children after God’s own heart.

Real change

This past Sunday evening at Trinity CRC, I spoke on Psalm 51 and the events in King David’s life that precipitated him writing it. Graphic of Psalm 51 found at digitalsojourner.comAmong one of the penitential psalms, Psalm 51 is a deep expression of sorrow over one’s sin and the havoc it created. As the notes in my new NLT Parallel Study Bible explain, “This psalm expresses one of the clearest examples of repentance in all of Scripture. Countless broken sinners have found in these words an exquisite expression of their deeply felt need for God’s mercy and forgiveness.”

In many of our prayers, we ask God to change a situation or to change a problem: We pray for favorable weather and bountiful crops. We pray for restoration for a relationship that is at (or past) the breaking point. We pray for peace in places in the world where there is violence. And these are good prayers; indeed, other psalms ask for a change in the poet’s situation.

But I think Psalm 51 is so powerful because it acknowledges how my biggest problems are not external but rather internal: Don’t change my circumstances, Lord. I’m the problem. Change me.

When I make the words of Psalm 51 my own, I’m inviting God to do something new in my life. And, in Jesus Christ, that is the one thing our loving heavenly Father loves doing most.



Flooding in Rock Valley photo by Bonita Van Otterloo Rock Valley is coming through a storm. It is hard to praise God in storms. But sometimes in a storm we hear God whisper “I’m with you.” The whisper comes in an unexplainable moment of calm, in the helping hand from a stranger, in a hope-filled word from a friend. Ironically, the whisper is sometimes clearest in storms.